# Mathematical terminology product

Fourier series: an approximation of more complex periodic functions such as square or saw-tooth functions by adding together various simple trigonometric functions e.

Gaussian curvature: an intrinsic measure of the curvature of a point on a surface, dependent only on how distances are measured on the surface and not on the way it is embedded in space. Hilbert problems: an influential list of 23 open unsolved problems in mathematics described by David Hilbert in Mersenne number: numbers that are one less than 2 to the power of a prime number, e. Mersenne primes: prime numbers that are one less than a power of 2, e. Platonic solids: the five regular convex polyhedra symmetrical 3-dimensional shapes : the tetrahedron made up of 4 regular triangles , the octahedron made up of 8 triangles , the icosahedron made up of 20 triangles , the cube made up of 6 squares and the dodecahedron made up of 12 pentagons.

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Riemannian geometry: a non-Euclidean geometry that studies curved surfaces and differentiable manifolds in higher dimensional spaces. Venn diagram: a diagram where sets are represented as simple geometric figures often circles , and overlapping and similar sets are represented by intersections and unions of the figures. In particular, one can have negative infinitesimal distances and squared norms, as well as nonzero vectors whose vector norm is always zero.

## NZC: Glossary of Mathematics Terms | NZ Maths

As such, the metric respectively, the norm fails to actually be a metric respectively, a norm , though they usually are still called such when no confusion may arise. Portions of this entry contributed by Christopher Stover.

Portions of this entry contributed by John Renze. Misner, C. San Francisco, CA: W.

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4. Freeman, p. Ratcliffe, J. Foundations of Hyperbolic Manifolds.

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