The state will send one winning essay to be judged on the division level. The winning essay from each division is then judged on the national level and the winner is announced. Second- and third-place winning essays are selected on the national level. Each student participant receives a certificate of participation from the chapter. The national prize is awarded by the NIAF. Skip to main content. American History Essay Contest The American History Essay Contest was established to encourage young people to think creatively about our nation's great history and learn about history in a new light.
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly. What was the legacy of the Revolution for loyalist women, Native American women, Black women and African slave women. Good Essays words 2.
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Women for many centuries have not been seen as a significant part of history, however under thorough analyzation of certain events, there are many women and woman-based events responsible for the progressiveness we experience in our daily lives as men, women, children, and individuals altogether It took place between and atop the Atlantic Ocean as well as North America.
On one side, the war was fought not only by American men, but also by American women Good Essays words 4. Delicate and feeble minded, women were unable to perform any task that required muscular or intellectual development. Good Essays words 6. Good Essays words 3. When one thinks of notable and memorable names and events of the Revolution, men are the first to be mentioned.
There is no denying that men were vitally important to the American Revolution, but what were the women doing. Legislators—those men who ran the assemblies in each colony—had good reason to join the Revolution by There were two routes to power and status in the colonial political world: appointment to office by the king or his representative, the governor, and election to office in the colonial assembly by the white male property owners who enjoyed the right to vote.
Historians know that the same wealthy families dominated these assemblies, with fathers passing down to sons the duty—and privilege—of serving.
Many were lawyers or had legal training; most had an education far superior to the ordinary colonist; and, through marriage, many were part of interlocking families. By mid-century the assembly was the de facto supreme power in most colonies; British policy trends after threatened this supremacy. As Britain realized that the assemblies had evolved into mini-parliaments, assuming extensive rights, efforts were made to reassert the authority and sovereignty of the English Parliament.
In the end—and far too late—the king authorized independent salaries for governors and judges, removing the bargaining power that the assembly had used effectively to force the governors to bend to their will. And it drove many of them into rebellion. Finally, many enslaved and free blacks supported the Revolution.
The rhetoric of the Revolution—"liberty and equality"—gave hope to free African Americans that they might receive better treatment within their communities. For the enslaved, rhetoric mattered less than the fact that service in the military, offered late and unenthusiastically by the revolutionaries, provided a route to freedom for many.
Who opposed the war for independence? Loyalists might be considered in five groups: royal office holders, merchants who traded directly with England, slaves, backcountry farmers of the Lower South, and Native Americans. Winning appointment to a royal office was the second route to political power. These posts included governors, lieutenant governors, attorney generals, and judges of the vice admiralty courts. Salaries were generous; status was high; and one did not have to stand for office and woo voters.
Conclusion - Roles of Women in the American Revolution
And because in the eighteenth century taking an oath of loyalty, as they did for their offices, meant something almost sacred. Then, while many New England merchants depended upon the Caribbean trade, there were others, in New York and Philadelphia as well as New England, who made their livings from the sale of British manufactured goods. Family connections, religious ties, or simple good fortune made these men able to establish credit with major British manufacturers or middle men. Their warehouses were stocked with everything from carriages to panes of glass to iron tools and bolts of cloth.
These men would be bankrupt if the trade were cut off by war or disrupted by independence.
Enslaved African Americans appear in both categories, patriot and loyalist. And their presence on both sides of the war reminds us dramatically that the Revolution was not one revolution but many. While Patrick Henry declared that he would prefer death to slavery, his own slaves shared his sentiment. But their war was not against unfair taxation or royal tyranny; it was against the more immediate tyranny of the lash. For slaves, the old Arab proverb surely applied: the enemy of my enemy is my friend.
The formula was usually reasonably simple: if a master was a loyalist, the slave was a revolutionary; if the master was a patriot, the slave made his or her way whenever possible to the welcoming arms of the British army. The Revolution was different for Indians, or Native Americans, as well. Most understood that the colonists were land hungry and would not honor tribal claims if they stood in the way of westward settlement.
African Americans in the Revolutionary War
The British had shown their willingness to search for diplomatic resolutions to territorial disputes; the Proclamation Line was, in fact, one of the few truly statesmanlike decisions of the post—French and Indian War era. Given a choice between the two, Cherokees and Mohawks, and most of the Iroquois confederation, threw in their lot with the British.
Thus they were fighting their own war for independence—a war far different from that of Jefferson, Adams, and Franklin. By far the largest group of active loyalists was the white colonists of the Carolina and Georgia backcountry. It is this group that gives the Revolution yet another dimension: civil war.
And it adds irony as well. The tidewater patriots took up arms against the British claiming "no taxation without representation" and yet, for decades they had refused to allow backcountry farmers to organize counties, and thus denied them representation in the colonial assembly. Having no political voice, these farmers found themselves denied any benefits of tax revenues: no decent roads were built linking them with the coast; no courthouses were constructed.
The only colonial official they saw regularly was the tax collector! After years of petitioning, these frustrated citizens took matters into their own hands and in —the same year as Lexington and Concord—North Carolina farmers armed themselves and marched on the tidewater government.
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This Regulator Movement was easily defeated—but the following year, as news of independence spread, the farmers armed themselves again and signed up to fight for the British. The war that ensued in the lower South was violent and brutal; colonist killed colonist, sparing neither women nor children. So, the unanimous uprising of colonists against a tyrannical Britain proves to be a myth.
In its place, a complex event, a multitude of wars for independence and liberty rather than a single one. This is a more interesting story—and one that acknowledges the way in which race and class complicated colonial society even as it complicates American society today. But there is more to deconstruct in the myth that began this talk. Did Americans win the war on their own—did grit, determination, patriotism, and a righteous cause prove enough? Of course, the answer is no. Americans armed themselves and outfitted their troops with money borrowed from France, Holland, and Spain. The recognition of the United States by France transformed a rebellion into a war of national liberation, and the entrance of France into the war forced the English to fight on two fronts rather than one.
Finally, it was the French navy that provided the vital strategic and tactical support for the American effort. The reliance on European allies does not diminish the American victory. It does add a global dimension to the struggle, and it requires us—and our students—to remember the imperial context in which the Revolution took place.
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The last element of the myth is that the revolutionaries promptly created a democracy.